1. Added sugars (like sucrose and high fructose corn syrup) contain a tremendous amount of calories with NO essential nutrients. There are no proteins, essential fats, vitamins or minerals in sugar. When people eat up to 10-20% or more of calories as sugar, this can become a major problem and contribute to nutrient deficiencies.
2. Added sugar is high in Fructose, which can overload your liver, forcing it to turn the fructose into fat.
3. Excess fructose gets turned into fat, which can lodge in the liver and cause non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
4. Sugar can cause Insulin Resistance, a stepping stone towards Metabolic Syndrome, obesity, cardiovascular disease and Diabetes. Insulin is a very important hormone in the body which allows glucose (blood sugar) to enter cells from the bloodstream and tells the cells to start burning glucose instead of fat.
5. Because of the harmful effects of sugar on the function of insulin, it is a leading driver of type II diabetes. Given that sugar can cause insulin resistance, it is not surprising to see that people who drink sugar-sweetened beverages have up to an 83% higher risk of Type II diabetes.
6. There is considerable evidence that sugar, due to its harmful effects on metabolism, can contribute to cancer.
7. Due to its effects on hormones and the Brain, sugar has unique fat-promoting consequences. Over time, because the calories from sugar aren’t as fulfilling, this can translate into an increased calorie intake.
8. Because it causes massive Dopamine release (the reward center) in the brain's reward center.
9. Because of the effects of sugar on hormones and the brain, sugar dramatically increases the risk of becoming overweight or obese.
10. It’s not the fat, it’s SUGAR that raises your cholesterol and gives you heart disease via the harmful effects of fructose on metabolism.
(Resource: Authority Nutrition, An Evidence-based Approach;©2012-2016; by Kris Gunnars, BSc)